Chen Ding-Shan, also known as Ming-Qi and Gong-Xi, changed his name to Ding-Shan, sobriquets include Ding-Shan Jushi. He took up various roles including modern Chinese painter, art historian and critic, writer and entrepreneur. He was regarded as the first notable scholar and collector of Haishang School of Art, specializing in the valuation of paintings by the Four Wangs and the Haishang School. His achievement led him to become a committee member of the Chinese Paintings department at the National Palace Museum. Along with Zhang Da-Qian and Cheng Man-Ching, he was regarded as one of the three notable artists of the time.